Last diminisher improves balance in Settlers of Catan

I3D 2008 Poster

Sara Carian, Williams College
Morgan McGuire, Williams College

Extended Abstract (PDF)
Poster (PDF)


The Settlers of Catan Xbox 360 and board games exhibit a common flaw among turn-based games: the first player has a huge advantage. We show how to adapt an economics theory for fair division called Last Diminisher into a practical mechanic that improves fairness by 3x, and thus gameplay balance, in Settlers and related games.


 author = {Sara Carian and Morgan McGuire},
 title = {Last Diminisher Improves Balance in {S}ettlers of {C}atan},
 note = {ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics and Games Poster},
 year = {2008},
 url = {}
 location = {Redwood Shores, CA}